Oleh Admin Kalbe Medical pada January 05, 2017 07:30

Risiko Kardiovaskular pada eks Wanita Diabetes Gestasional

Data terbaru menunjukkan bahwa walaupun seorang wanita dulunya mengidap diabetes gestasional (GDM) dan tidak diikuti dengan kondisi diabetes setelah melahirkan, wanita tersebut ternyata tetap dibayangi dengan tingginya risiko kejadian kardiovaskular di kemudian hari. Hasil tersebut berdasarkan studi baru dari Kanada. Dengan mengidap GDM, maka wanita tersebut mengalami peningkatan risiko menderita diabetes tipe 2 selama hidupnya sekitar 7 kali lipat. Informasi tersebut memang telah cukup lama diketahui oleh para ahli, seperti yang disampaikan oleh Ravi Retnakaran, MD, dan Baiju R Shah, MD, PhD, dari University of Toronto, Ontario, dalam tulisannya yang dipublikasikan secara online pada bulan November di jurnal Diabetes Care.
   
Baru-baru ini juga muncul informasi bahwa wanita dengan riwayat GDM memiliki peningkatan risiko dari penyakit kardiovaskular saja, dibandingkan dengan wanita hamil lain yang tidak menderita GDM. Namun sampai dengan sekarang, belum dapat diketahui apakah risiko yang lebih tinggi ini bersifat dependen dengan perkembangan diabetes tipe 2 atau tidak.

   
Pada studi yang dipublikasikan pada jurnal Diabetes Care, dengan mengidap GDM maka wanita tersebut memiliki peningkatan risiko komplikasi makrovaskuler terlepas dari apakah dia akan mengidap diabetes di kemudian hari atau tidak. Selain itu, tentunya bukan hal yang mengejutkan lagi bahwa risiko tersebut paling tinggi akan dialami pada wanita yang akhirnya mengidap diabetes tipe 2. Namun sayangnya, walaupun jika mereka tidak mengidap diabetes tipe 2, mereka tetap saja memiliki peningkatan risiko komplikasi makrovaskuler, seperti yang diungkapkan oleh dr. Retnakaran.

   
Studi ini juga menghasilkan kesimpulan bahwa wanita dengan GDM yang kemudian menderita DM tipe 2 akan juga memiliki risiko mikrovaskuler seperti retinopati dan nefropati diabetikum. Namun, jika hanya menderita GDM saja tanpa kemudian berkembang menjadi DM tipe 2, maka tampaknya tidak memiliki peningkatan risiko komplikasi mikrovaskuler ini. (PMD)


Image : Ilustrasi
Referensi:
Hackethal V. GDM ups cardiovascular risk whether or not later diabetes develops [Internet]. 2016 [cited 2016 Dec 19]. Available from: http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/872154

Related Articles

Astaxanthin Melindungi Kulit dari Photoaging akibat UVA Hasil suatu studi baru pada hewan di Jepang menunjukkan bahwa suplementasi makanan dengan astaxanthin dapat melindungi kulit dari efek buruk radiasi U...
Kombinasi Pioglitazone dan Asam Lemak Omega-3 pada Pasien DM Obesitas Tatalaksana bagi penderita diabetes tidak hanya bersifat farmakologis, namun juga dengan modifikasi gaya hidup seperti intervensi terhadap makanan yan...
Dampak Terapi NSAID plus SGLT-2 Inhibitor terhadap Fungsi Ginjal Pasien Diabetes FDA AS telah meminta kepada farmasi yang memasarkan obat diabetes oral dari generasi terbaru, yaitu sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor, ...
Pemantauan Proteinuria pada Pasien Thalasemia Beta dengan Deferasirox Terapi iron chelation merupakan salah satu tatalaksana thalasemia beta. Deferasirox termasuk iron chelator poten dan diterima sebagai lini pertama ter...
Kadar Vitamin D Tinggi Membantu Memperlambat Penuaan Defisiensi vitamin D telah dikaitkan dengan mortalitas dari semua penyebab dan kanker. Para ilmuwan dari Inggris juga menemukan bahwa kadar vitamin D ...

Comments

wq123 wq123
## wq123 wq123
Wednesday, February 22, 2017 8:51 AM

Recently, true religion jeans men the thomas sabo uk leisure michael kors purses time nike shoes once burberry handbags outlet again true religion jeans outlet holding christian louboutin uk Mr. versace outlet Lu montre homme Xun's barbour jackets "set", rolex which salomon schuhe one longchamp of the north face the marc by marc jacobs "July kate spade 16 abercrombie and fitch kids in replica rolex Guangzhou retro jordans know longchamp outlet middle nike huarache school abercrombie [2] soccer shoes outlet speak" jaguars jerseys impressed, uggs canada feel tommy hilfiger a air max lot, abercrombie.com some long champ of polo outlet online the wedding dress original fivefingers excerpts oakley sunglasses are barbour jacket outlet as patriots jerseys follows:

"Speaking nike roshe run of adidas sneakers reading, vikings jerseys it ray ban uk seems uggs outlet very nike running shoes understandable cavaliers jersey thing, michael kors as ray ban outlet long prada handbags as michael kors outlet the pandora canada book new balance is cheap shoes to uggs on sale read puma online shop it, ray ban wayfarer but adidas yeezy shoes not bengals jerseys so toms shoes outlet simple. moncler mens jackets At ralph lauren outlet online least, true religion there mbt womens shoes are los angeles lakers two: azcardinals jerseys First, nike air max professional barbour mens jackets reading, mcm handbags one cheap jerseys is nike air max thea the nike air force hobby detroit pistons reading. valentino outlet , relojes For burberry outlet store example, coach black friday students lacoste shirts because hollister online of cheap basketball shoes school, uggs outlet the nba jerseys teacher nike air max because oakley sunglasses outlet of jimmy choo outlet homework, burberry online shop do levis jeans not ugg australia turn ugg australia the pandora jewellery australia book, ralph lauren outlet there barbour jackets are chiefs jerseys some north face jackets dangerous toms shoes outlet is michael kors australia that the north face outlet I philipp plein clothing want rayban to prada shoes sit swarovski jewelry among northface the michael kors outlet online princes nike roshe run must new balance outlet be michael kors bags some suns jersey of memphis grizzlies jersey this nike store experience, oakley sunglasses some ugg australia do cheap oakley not oakley like nike store uk arithmetic, ralph lauren factory store and tory burch sandals some north face do air max not ugg boots like uggs black friday the polo ralph lauren outlet museum, true religion jeans women But michael kors handbags have oakley sunglasses to rolex replica learn, celine outlet otherwise, nike air huarache can rams jerseys not air max graduate, insanity workout calendar can polo ralph lauren not womens clothing go iphone 4s cases to nike soccer shoes school, ipad mini cases and uhren shop the adidas future steelers jerseys of longchamp life fendi will hermes outlet have ray ban pas cher hindered red bottom the burberry outlet online ... eagles jerseys ... vans shoes "

It ugg australia seems michael kors outlet that toms shoes outlet 88 michael jordan years chi hair ago, ralph lauren online shop Lu veneta Xun, michael kors outlet well michael kors outlet online sale versed adidas zx flux in gooses reading giuseppe zanotti sneakers the cheap michael kors pain rayban of rayban professional nike factory books ray ban sunglasses - polo ralph lauren outlet online in nike schoenen order air jordan shoes to burberry outlet store survive, converse shoes in easton bats order dolphins jerseys to coach outlet online make burberry a michaelkors.com living, nike tn many longchamp outlet people cheap nfl jerseys in minnesota timberwolves jersey a chargers jerseys lot purses and handbags of hilfiger online shop time, dre beats had ray ban sunglasses outlet to abercrombie kids put ghd down lac jersey their hollisterco hobbies burberry outlet and orlando magic jersey hard hollister co to red bottom read nba jerseys some polo outlet career-related beats audio reference michael kors books. cheap oakley sunglasses Because new balance it buccaneers jerseys is asics boring air max 2014 and polo ralph lauren tasteless, adidas online shop it adidas.se really warriors jerseys teaches ray bans people ralph lauren to airmax suffer.

Perhaps tory burch sandals Mr. polo outlet store Lu cheap oakley sunglasses Xun rolex watches did nike free 5.0 not burberry outlet online know beats by dre headphones that celine outlet after bills jerseys 88 timberland years nike running of eyeglasses stores the colts jerseys day, ray ban outlet the lunette ray ban pain barbour womens jackets of roshes reading 76ers jerseys is coach factory online actually oakley frogskins no coach factory outlet online qualitative polo ralph lauren change toronto raptors jersey - burberry outlet store in easton bats the new orleans pelicans jersey "progress true religion outlet of kate spade handbags people jordans for sale progress, stephen curry shoes backward nj jerseys people cowboys jerseys fail" ralph lauren outlet online competition toms outlet online era, michael kors many texans jerseys people timberland outlet still burberry sale for cheap jerseys the cheap jerseys sake reebok of longchamp handbags life hermes birkin bag Had instyler ionic styler to coach usa give bottega veneta up roshe run their adidas shoes favorite nike fu?ballschuhe casual www.tommyhilfiger.nl book.

Rolling ray ban occhiali the packers jerseys Red, prada the utah jazz jersey mortal vans schuhe beings, longchamp handbags in oakley sunglasses order swarovski crystal to cheap ray ban feed louboutin their chi flat iron families ugg or coach factory outlet online to cheap oakley sunglasses win milwaukee bucks jersey more adidas superstar fame, oakley desperately ray ban zonnebril reading, red bottom shoes learning, chrome hearts rings in nfl jerseys order puma shoes outlet to converse outlet have ugg boots a burberry glorious prada tracksuits future, purses and handbags this new balance is ferragamo nothing air jordan retro wrong, michael kors uhren but oakley sunglasses the coach bags outlet utilitarian nike blazers reading tory burch handbags is swarovski online shop actually ny jersey teaching michael kors people bcbg max azria pain.

This burberry outlet online is coach outlet online not hermes belt to mcm backpack remind toms shoes me indiana pacers jersey of lions jerseys more portland trail blazers jersey than north face canada 20 air max thea years burberry ago, michael kors v?skor when coach outlet online the ravens jerseys practice jordan shoes of michael kors outlet "certified hugo boss outlet online public okc jerseys accountants" nike roshe run is calvin klein outlet hot, cheap jerseys if air max 90 fortunate nike.com enough jets jerseys to montblanc get, miami heat most kate spade bags likely mizuno running shoes by nike mercurial vapor those toms shoes outlet listed michael kors companies swarovski hire, michael kors receive tommy hilfiger canada high nike.se wages, juicy couture outlet or coach black friday by polo ralph lauren some atlanta hawks jerseys people jordan shoes in michael kors bags need bcbg max of hogan sito ufficiale such oakley sunglasses talent prada outlet The adidas superstar local juicy couture government oakley outlet recruitment givenchy shoes outlet and saints jerseys transferred tory burch to hollisterco the oakley financial replica watches system, nike air max eat seahawks jerseys the abercrombie and fitch financial new balance shoes savings burberry sale of prada outlet drought bears jerseys and denver nuggets jerseys water. abercrombie and fitch This coach outlet sale rare ralph lauren opportunity, hilfiger outlet of the north face course, coach outlet attracted nike running shoes my tommy hilfiger outlet attention omega watches in ray ban outlet the 49ers jerseys Finance converse chucks Bureau nike.dk of panthers jerseys the nike roshe run accounting jordan retro unit thomas sabo of celtics jersey the mavericks jerseys fourth mcm handbags brother, pandora actively guess bags for ralph lauren polo my pandora bracelet registration, ugg australia evidence, nike free and abercrombie do nike air max not ugg boots hesitate michael kors outlet online to tommy hilfiger online order timberland outlet more uggs sets michael kors black friday of nike air max professional ferragamo shoes books converse sneakers to longchamp taschen me, louboutin shoes and dre headphones I sacramento kings finally hollister failed houston rockets to washington wizards jersey live nike huarache up ugg boots to salvatore ferragamo his coach purses outlet expectations, woolrich womens jackets failure replica watches The nfl jerseys reason hogan is toms.com about spurs jerseys two: vans outlet First, pandora charms at cheap nike shoes that mcm bags time michael kors handbags is oakley sunglasses cheap very ray ban wayfarer satisfied babyliss flat iron with michael kors the designer handbags status falcons jerseys quo, p90x3 lack pandora charms of nfl jerseys motivation; redskins jerseys Second, michael kors outlet those oakley sunglasses cheap who ralph lauren black friday are ed hardy clothing not coach bags outlet interested ralph lauren in cheap jerseys those handbags outlet professional christian louboutin books, coach bags outlet and swarovski crystal even broncos jerseys to titans jerseys the replica watches eve sunglasses for women of supra footwear the asics gel exam, browns jerseys or north face outlet even ray bans failed zapatillas nike to dsquared2 outlet read swarovski australia the raiders jerseys book nike store again.

gafas oakley coach outlet bulls jerseys ugg jimmy choo michael kors handbags armani outlet online mcm handbags giants jerseys michael kors uk toms outlet michael kors handbags kate spade ralph lauren polo north face backpacks hornets jersey nike air max ray ban sunglasses north face jackets true religion outlet rolex watches oakley sunglasses outlet ray-ban sunglasses marc by marc jacobs canada gooses giuseppe zanotti hollister clothing moncler women jackets timberland boots

Post Comment

Only registered users may post comments.